As a result of climate change, you’re probably aware of the escalating number of wildfires. This increase is attributed to climate change, which also means more dangerous air pollution. Because wildfire smoke particles can travel long distances, people living far from the source of a fire can still be affected by the toxins released into the air. Short-term exposure to wildfire smoke particles can be particularly dangerous for older adults, who are already more susceptible to its effects. Likewise, outdoor workers who have been exposed to wildfire smoke particles are also at a higher risk of developing health problems.
However, the health risks of climate change are not limited to the poor or the developing world. In fact, climate change poses significant threats to people in wealthy countries as well. In the United States, for example, heat-related deaths will increase as the average temperature increases. By the end of the century, this number could rise to tens of thousands of additional deaths annually. Sadly, many people in the US do not yet fully understand the risks posed by climate change, but they are still vulnerable.
The effects of climate change are both immediate and subtle. Food production will be negatively impacted by a change in rainfall patterns. Moreover, increased flooding will lead to the spread of disease, damage to infrastructure, and displaced populations. These effects will affect people in low-income countries, especially those with limited resources to cope with the changes. In Central Nigeria, climate change has reduced pasture and water sources, increasing competition for scarce resources. In the eastern African region, the situation is even worse – the region is home to approximately 2.5 billion smallholder farmers and fishers who depend on natural resources.